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Brammo Empulse Electric Motorcycle

Thursday, July 15, 2010
Brammo Empulse Electric Motorcycle
The Brammo Empulse, the Oregon-based company's latest electric motorcycle design.
Brammo Motorsports has announced the debut of its all-new Empulse electric motorcycle. Comprising a new three-model lineup, the new Empulse electric bike makes significant performance claims over its predecessor, the Enertia, most notably with its 100-mile range and 100 mph top speed. Motorcycle USA gained exclusive access to the new design at the manufacturer’s home base in Ashland, Oregon.

The models planned for the new lineup are the Empulse 6.0, Empulse 8.0 and Empulse 10.0. All three rides will be capable of 100 mph top speeds, with the number designations referring to each bike’s projected range, 60, 80 and 100 miles as well as their kWh hour energy densities. The three rides also sport different MSRPs, at a respective $9995, $11,995 and $13,995 (federal tax credits drop the price by at least a grand, even more depending on state incentives).
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Brammo Empulse Electric Motorcycle Video
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Watch the Brammo Empulse in action in the Motorcycle USA Brammo Empulse video.

Headlining the new design is Brammo’s water-cooled electric powertrain, with the company claiming status as the first water-cooled electric powerplant in motorcycle production. Like the Enertia, the Empulse sources a permanent magnet AC motor, but the new unit is capable of higher voltage and current capacities, with a corresponding rise in power output. A small radiator and less than a half-gallon of engine coolant keep things running smooth in the new motor. The cooling system doesn’t need to be big, as the inherent efficiency of an electric design (Brammo claims 90%) generates very little waste heat. A traditional internal combustion engine operates at around 25-30% efficency, with the majority of energy produced as heat.

Brammo Empulse Electric Motorcycle
The key to the Brammo Empulse's higher performance claims comes from the improved energy densities in its battery systems, which range from 6 to 10 kWh.
The Empulse motor harnesses power from a more efficient battery pack, developed in-house and based off the firm’s Enertia TTR racebike (which competed in the inaugural Zero TTXGP). The batteries are governed by Brammo’s proprietary battery management system. The differing range between the three Empulse models is dependent on the energy density of the three battery packs, 6 kWh, 8 kWh and 10 kWh. The increased energy densities and up-spec motor are what increase performance thresholds to more palatable levels than those of the previous Enertia model.

“The Enertia has about 3 kWh hours onboard. This bike, as it’s shown here, has 8 kWh on board," explains Brammo’s Director of Product Development, Brian Wissman, when Motorcycle USA arrived to view the new Empulse. "Because of that increased energy density on board we get increased range. We can get over 100 miles out of the bike, and we also get increases in power. So these batteries, coupled with this water-cooled motor, allows the bike to easily achieve over 100 mph.”

The new 100 mph and 100-mile range stats are significant benchmarks the previous Brammo design couldn’t match, with the Enertia sporting a 45-mile range and 50 mph top speed when we tested the prototype (see our 2008 Brammo Enertia First Ride). At the time, we said of the electric ride “Double the range and add another 30-40 mph to top speed and the Enertia transforms from short-distance commuter to a proper playbike.” It seems Brammo has done exactly that.

Brammo Empulse Electric Motorcycle Brammo Empulse Electric Motorcycle The models planned for the new lineup are the Empulse 6.0  Empulse 8.0 and Empulse 10.0.
The Brammo Empulse electric motorcycle in action. Though we didn't get an opportunity to sample the new ride yet, we did see
and hear it running during a brief reveal near the company's Ashland, Oregon headquarters.

Says Wissman on the Empulse’s new range and top speed stats: “Talking to customers and with Brammo also being a performance-based company to begin with, we really feel like those are thresholds that we need to get over to offer a really good value to consumers.”

The improved performance does come with a significant drawback, with charge time increased to 8-10 hours for a full cycle from a traditional 110V wall plug. However, Wissman promises steps are being taken to make a faster charging option via a 240V plug. As with the Eneritia, the new Empulse will allow for easy plug-and-tune electronics, via USB inputs on the dash mount and under the seat.

Brammo Empulse Electric Motorcycle
Low center of gravity and mass centralization promise a light handling machine for the electric design.
While the electric powertrain grabs the headlines, the Empulse features chassis upgrades as well. Taking development cues off its original Electric TTR racebike the Empulse features an adjustable fork and rear shock. It also sports dual four-piston Nissin brakes up front. As for the frame, Brammo designed an aluminum twin-spar unit which holds the batteries. The rear swingarm pivots on the motor axis, with a direct chain drive from the motor to the rear wheel.

Claimed weight is 390 lbs, less than the curb weight of a typical Supersport, with the bike’s profile quite narrow. Wissman claims the low center of gravity and weight distribution make for a quick-turning machine: “What we found putting professional racers on this bike [Empulse], as well as the TTR bike, is these electric bikes ride lighter than they actually are. A lot of guys have compared these bikes and the Isle of Man bikes as feeling like 250 GP bikes, quite a bit lighter than 390 lbs. So we think this a benefit of the natural mass centralization and narrow frame.”

Brammo Empulse Electric Motorcycle
From the drawing board to showrooms. Brammo expects the new Empulse to be delivered by mid-2011.
Style-wise, the Empulse delivers a more familiar-looking motorcycle than its predecessor, the new radiator being a welcome bit of gear for the traditionalists.  Brammo's proprietary frame with stacked batteries anchors the overall design, with the Empulse lacking a prominently placed engine and no exhaust at all, both features playing such a critical role in conventional two-wheeled designs. Instead the electric motor is buried beneath the seat, not a prominent feature at first glance. We'll leave the subjective styling opinions to the comment section below (and we're interested in what you think, certainly Brammo will be too). Having seen the bike in person, we can say the overall fit and finish looks improved over the previous model, in particular the switchgear and controls.

Brammo continues to reach out to motorcycle dealers for a more robust service network, but has sourced a novel distribution method with select Best Buy stores selling their bikes. “It’s a learning experience for both groups,” says Wissman of the Best Buy partnership, “but it’s been really good. Their service techs are great. They’re learning how to sell motorcycles, we’re learning how to work with a big distribution partner.”

Brammo says the Empulse will first reach the market at select dealers, with expected delivery dates in mid-2011. It will also be sold at those select Best Buy locations during 2011. Customers can place their order for the new machine online now at www.brammo.com.
Brammo Empulse Electric Motorcycle
Located in Ashland, Oregon, Brammo Motorsports revealed its new Empulse exclusively to Motorcycle USA at the photo shoot in the hanger of nearby Brim Helicopter.

In the more immediate future, the Empulse is set to make its public debut at the Red Bull USGP at Laguna Seca, later this month. The Ashland-based company is also set to debut a racing version of the Empluse, dubbed the Empulse RR, at Laguna where it will compete in the FIM e-Power Series race. The Empulse will also make international appearances at the EICMA Milan Show in November and the Macau Grand Prix in China.

Stay tuned for future updates.

Special thanks to Brim Helicopter for hosting the Empulse photo shoot.
Brammo Empulse Photo Gallery
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blake989 -altenators  October 10, 2010 09:36 AM
So how come no one has thought of putting an alternator that run off the wheels? You charge the batteries as you roll on down the road...
mmedonis -Awesome awesome awesome  August 24, 2010 01:18 PM
I think this bike is just great. Frankly, the Enertia was not my taste, although the tech seemed great. The Zero looked more like a motorcycle should, but both were so slow. Range is less important to me than the top speed - I can't commute to work at 55mph. And geez, that Empulse looks rad. So unlike the plastic appliance look of the Enertia. Now, just need to convince the wife...
Smackwater -Just a fan  August 12, 2010 07:53 PM
390 lbs. a pig??? Don't be a nitwit. The thing has almost no rotational inertia like that caused by the crankshaft of a four cylinder. That's why it rides like a GP 250 instead of a conventional cycle. You pitch it off into a turn and you have nothing fighting you, nothing resisting the turn.

Don't understand what rotational inertia is? Just grab a 10 lb. bowling ball, hold it down, and spin it left and right. Then hold a 10 lb. 10 foot long piece of pipe in front of you, and swing it left and right. See which one can be reversed faster. You'll get the idea pronto.
Dr. John -Yes please  July 29, 2010 05:23 AM
I'm on the list and I can't wait to see it. Yeah, it's not the be all and end all on two wheels, nothing is, that's why there is more than one bike at my house. This thing won't replace my R1200RT, but it will replace the Hypermotard for backroad burninating. Bring it on.
James Pruitt -Graphic Designer  July 26, 2010 08:00 PM
Congrats to Brammo for designing a beautiful piece of EV machinery. Very cool! It addresses all my previous issues with the Enertia and conventional motorcycles. I would never have to put gas in it, I wouldn't be affraid to take it up to highway speeds, and it delivers reasonable range. It will probably make riding more appealing to the novice by offering a quite ride, less mechanical upkeep and single gear ease. I'm sold! I
Jim -Misleading claim?  July 20, 2010 12:15 PM
While I applaud this advance in electric vehicle technology, 100 miles range and 100 mph is misleading. What is the basis for the 100 mile range claim - was this at 15 mph? My commute is 20 minutes of city driving and 20 minutes of 70 mph freeway each way. Does this work for me? No way to tell.
GS_Randy -Doomed technology  July 20, 2010 11:30 AM
Agree with @Reyzie. Electric motorcycles will never work for anyone that actually rides. Commuting doesn't count as real riding! And what about crashes? Will we call a wrecker and a Haz Mat team? The batteries are toxic!!!
1-3-2-4 -This Buell rider likes what he sees...  July 20, 2010 11:09 AM
I'm too lazy to read all the comments, but my thoughts are that THIS bike is finally coming in the right direction. No oil changes, valve adjustments, no spark plugs, bad gas, etc. Of course the biggest hurdles (aside from performance): battery life and replacement cost. I won't get into cradle to the grave energy debates here, but this is neat. Where can I ride one?
Vince XB -Another big step in the right direction  July 20, 2010 09:41 AM
This is still a little too short ranged for me, but it's damn close. Seriously, when I'm done paying down my current ride I'll be in a great position to buy a bike like this. The only trepidation I have is the 100 mile range. 100 miles makes it strictly a commuter or short weekend fun-ride-blaster. I ride a Buell XB12s. If Brammo can get close to the performance of an XB (which shouldn't be hard, considering the powerplant of an XB) and get the range to about 150 miles, I'll be a Brammo owner. The price is right, and the gov't tax credits make it even more so. Now, if only they can make it emit some kind of cool Tron-like "whreeeeeee" noise as it's going down the road to make it future-cool and a bit more noticeable to cagers.
@Reyzie -Fly in the ointment?  July 20, 2010 09:33 AM
Am I the only one that sees the huge, glaring problem with eBikes??? This Brammmo is a nice bike and granted, the Empulse and others like the Roehr and Zero have come a LONG way. However, there is one fatal flaw with whole ebike concept: RANGE! If your riding only comprises of going to pick up milk or riding a (short) commute to work, perhaps an ebike is for you. Pleasure riding, touring, sport riding or etc, however, is completely out of the question! Can you imagine: We ride for a hundred miles and then charge for EIGHT HOURS??? I'd need a week to complete one of my typical 400 mile weekend rides! So I'm underwhelmed. I do appreciate the green aspect and saving the planet, but realistically, I cannot see riding electric for many, many years! The battery chemistry and charging systems are simply not ready. And frankly, I'm not sure they'll ever be. We, as motorcyclists, might need to look at other technologies for propulsion. For the foreseeable future, because of battery chemistry limitations, to create an ebike with realistic range, the HUGE battery would net the power-to-weight ratio of a hamster-powered Hummer! I'm now being accused of being an "ebike hater" and although that's not the case, I still have to ask: Who and what are these bikes for? Certainly NOT for a sport/sport-touring rider like me...
JaimeC -Has anyone studied...  July 20, 2010 09:27 AM
...the effect of having that powerful electric motor (with all of its attendant EMF) so close to one's gonads??
Brammo slammo -0-60?  July 20, 2010 09:19 AM
390 lbs?? That's a PIG guys when it comes to electrics- Brian (the engineer) never was an enthusiast and never will be. These guys are burning cash like no other company could and unfortunately with Bramsher at the helm it is CERTAIN to fail (please see his last two or three businesses he tanked)- too bad because they actually have some decent tech, just no biz plan or capable management. WHAT'S the 0-60?

Brammofan -@Deadly Silent Ninja  July 20, 2010 07:29 AM
Howdy DSN - didn't hear you coming. Answers to your questions: 1. No. Although the batteries are removable, they aren't portable. 2. Incentives. Would you pay just under $6K for the 100 mile range Empulse? Check out my blog (post titled "Empulse in the Oklahoma Zone") for how you could, conceivably, do that. http://bit.ly/aWwAdI Oh, and if you're trying to find the comment that Chelsea Sexton is raving about, it's called "Brammofan - Loudspeakers - Let's do it!" It's about two comments down.
Deadly Silent Ninja -Now we are talking!  July 19, 2010 01:04 PM
Great progress in comparison to most electric bikes! I never understood why electric bikes needed to be so f. ugly!?
Now, this is a good looking bike! I just have a few questions if anyone can answer them (Brammofan?):
1 - Can you carry part of the battery home with you or would I need to buy an incredibly long extension cord? It might get tricky if you don't have a garage.
2 - The report says that incentives might lower the price down a grant, but I don't think that is enough for a 60-mile-range bike. If it costs around the price of a Gladius or an ER-6N, it would definitely be in my top prospect list. I would pay ten thousand for a 100-mile-range bike, though, if I had ten grant...

For the ones who love very loud Harleys: there is an episode of South Park about it. Google it and watch it. It's really funny!

Gunther -progress  July 19, 2010 06:06 AM
range is going up, that's a good sign. Design is finally looking like it had some thought put in, also a good sign. Loading times are a bit long, flexibility is not on par with the petrol bikes.

Would be really interesting to see a comparision between this bike and say a scooter and a small naked like a monster 600. Running costs should be low, imagine hooking this bike up to some solar panels on your roof :D
Brammofan -Loudspeakers - let's do it!  July 17, 2010 08:52 PM
If we're going to mount loudspeakers on electric motorcycles and electric cars, then we should probably require them on cars that are quieter than your basic Harley. Because quiet things that move... they're deadly. And bicycles, too. Because they move and can move pretty fast, and they have mass, and they're silent. And deadly. Install some speakers on them and the world will be safe. Except, some fat people can move pretty quickly and if they mow you down while you're not looking, you're toast. And if you're toast, a fat person might just eat you. We should install some speakers on them and the world will be safe. Except that some ninjas can move pretty quickly and they're silent and deadly .... Or let's just maybe hope that parents somewhere are teaching the next generation something called personal responsibility.
Morvegil -Awesome  July 17, 2010 03:23 PM
Pretty soon we wont need gas and rely on the middle east.
B dunk -Nice  July 17, 2010 10:46 AM
Nice looking bike and going in the right direction. I too commute through gridlock and it would work for me. Nobody in cars hears or sees anything on the freeway until you're past them, so that's a moot point. And "a fiendishly hopped up Harley" is just funny. What, setting off car alarms and about 54 horse power? Hey everybody look at me, I'm on a Harley, I'm so cool. So Berkeley Jack, you're a macho douche.
unclewill -Being loud won't help you  July 16, 2010 03:00 PM
When the grim reaper comes for you it doesn't matter if you are on a loud bike or not. Plenty of people get squished on loud bikes every day.

That said, this Brammo is a frickin' knockout! I lane split my happy arse 10 miles each way to work every day up the gridlocked PCH and this bike would be the perfect tool! No more gas stations! Woohoo! I'd need to throw a tankbag and flyscreen on it first though...
Jack -@Dannicus  July 16, 2010 10:51 AM
Okay, I got hit badly, once, after 40 years of riding. It was after I had mellowed with age. No longer a noisy hooligan, I thought myself as safe as you might see yourself.

My unaddressed serious safety point was that these electric things are Silent, But Deadly.

Think yourself superior because you've been lucky.

My semi-serious suggestion is then to mount loudspeakers playing Wagner's Ride of the Valkyries, if you don't think exhaust noise is cool enough. I do think we owe pedestrians fair warning, and this Bremmo scoot, cool as it is, does not address this issue at all.

Whoever kills someone who walks in front of them will remember that exact moment for the whole rest of their life. Not for me, thanks.
Drunkula -I like it  July 16, 2010 08:21 AM
Most likely wouldn't buy one. Tech needs to advance a bit more before I'd consider. I like the styling, though!
SLN -Brammo  July 15, 2010 07:44 PM
I like the style, especially the battery pack and how it integrated into the frame. The battery has a mean, futuristic look but also enough details that almost feel Art Deco (and a bit Final Fantasy in a way). The plastic parts are less impressed although still not bad.

But most important, I praise Brammo for advancing the technology and taking the risk.

Brammofan -re: AM - BATTERIES  July 15, 2010 06:28 PM
I am pretty sure that I heard that these new batteries will last approximately 80,000 miles. By the time you get that far, they'll have figured out you can get 100x the power density of these batteries just by mixing mud and dandelions together. Then, the newest batteries will cost a nickel a piece and last a generation. Oh, and why the shouting? Caps UNlock is your friend.
AM -BATTERIES  July 15, 2010 05:47 PM
Dannicus -@ Jack  July 15, 2010 04:22 PM
Gimme a break! I can't believe there are still people out there that think loud pipes are a piece of safety equipment. That's just stupid. Has anyone said, "Man, I'm really sorry I merged into you; I just didn't hear you there." Ride like you're invisible or become roadkill.
PC -Love It!  July 15, 2010 03:26 PM
This bike looks great. This is a big step forward. That said, right now I'd rather have an Enertia for my commute to work. 13 mile round trip, stop light to stop light; it would be perfect. Unfortunately, I can't afford two bikes and there's no way I'm selling my Triumph. If I get a raise, Brammo is first in line. Keep up the great work (and great reporting MCUSA).
Berkeley Jack -Hey I broke my tibia, too  July 15, 2010 02:47 PM
Some yahoo turned left right in front of me. I hate when that happens. My new tibia is titanium, as are 55 other new body parts.

My bike at that time was pretty quiet. Nobody ever, Ever, turned in front of my last very loud bike, a fiendishly hopped up Harley. I loved it. It would set off many car alarms going up hills in Frisco, and then it sounded like the Keystone Cops were after me.

I think electric motorcycles would be too quiet to be safe, especially in the city where no pedestrian could hear one. Perhaps one could mount speakers on such a bike that would play a recording of loud exhausts. There's a problem with those new hybrid cars running down lots of pedestrians just for that same reason.
Limey66 -Remember the Tesla  July 15, 2010 01:24 PM
The Tesla, leading the way for performance electric vehicles sells for about $100k. Once the tech becomes more commonplace one hopes the prices will come down.
Brammofan -Atari, etc.  July 15, 2010 01:22 PM
Hey BRKNtibia - glad you can take a joke. Steve - LED lights can be used in tail lights and turn signals (and many Enertia-owners have swapped theirs out), but so far, they have not been approved by the DOT for headlights. Given that the Enertia will not switch into DRIVE mode without the headlight on, I hope that LED tech (and DOT bureaucracy) can catch up and help me not sap my battery. I agree with you that Brammo should, at the very least, offer the LED lights as options. That sentiment is shared on the Brammo Owners Forum (google it... don't want to anger the moto-usa mods) that I run. Oh, and TimB: Fake plastic engine pieces? Brilliant! I will make sure to pass your suggestion on to the designer of this affront to your visual senses.
Limey66 -ElectroMonster  July 15, 2010 01:21 PM
I love the styling - total homage to the Monster. Huge improvement there. 100/100 if true is giant leap forward. I'd definitely like to ride one. The price is still a little steep for me to consider. I love my TL1000 nothing like a big v-twin grunt, but for blatting around the city this should be incredible. Note, that my TL wont get much more than 100 miles to a tank of gas, so there. The biggest issue is when electric fueling stations are more widespread. Death to the naysayers, wake up to the future fools, this is the 21C
Gregg -Cool looking machine  July 15, 2010 12:57 PM
I also think that this is a great looking bike. I think that it is very exciting that we are finally seeing usable versions of this technology, and considering that it is cutting edge tech, the prices seem inline. Sure, you can get a Kawasaki 250 that will do the same thing for considerably less, but note that there are plenty of people who pay thousands (or tens of thousands) of dollars for wristwatches (tells the time), jewelry (doesn't do much), paintings (hangs on the wall) etc. etc. Seriously, what does a Bugatti automobile do that a Corvette ZR1 doesn't to justify the 1 million plus difference in price? This thing is unique, fast, good looking, silent, and your sure to be the center of attention whenever you stop. If I was in the financial position to get one, I would.
bikerrandy -Brammo electric bikes  July 15, 2010 12:23 PM
Maybe if Brammo came out with a smaller trike setup that would be usefull for more than just riding they'd really get into sales. They could put the motor, batteries in the back and storage under the seat where the gas motor normally goes ?
bikerrandy -new Brammo electric bikes  July 15, 2010 12:13 PM
Nice looking bike, really, except I see no way of carrying anything on it like you can on a scooter, etc. I'm not interested in it but maybe city riders are ?

I have rigs already that get 55-70 mpg that I can shop on.
BRKNtibia -Touche  July 15, 2010 10:43 AM
BrammoFan, that was a good one! Now excuse me while I go play some Atari and listen to my cassette collection.
Tim B -Fugly!  July 15, 2010 09:53 AM
Great looking bike??? What are you guys smoking? This thing looks like a Chinese clone of an MV Agusta Brutale. And instead of a beautiful, powerful, inline 4 cylinder internal combustion engine there is a fugly cluster of batteries. It's amazing the designers didn't cover them with fake plastic engine looking pieces like Power Wheels does.

If there claims are true, which I highly doubt, it looks like Brammo is advancing battery powered electric motorcycles. But at this point batteries are still best left in kids toys.

Oh and by the way, what idiot would be willing to spend $10,000 on a bike that only has a range of 60 miles?! That's probably over estimated by 20% so I'm doubting this bike will even get 50 miles. That wouldn't even give me a round trip to work! Or they are rating the 60 mile range at 30mph.
steve -Local company/national media  July 15, 2010 09:42 AM
Looks like a local company is making strides into a new market. Probably getting some good green tax credits also. I think the benchamark will be similar range to most bikes (150 miles). To bad they didn't take it just a little styling step further with at least a half fairing like an FZ1. I have seen an enertia in person and was actually pretty impressed, but wondered where the LED lighting technology (head light, tail light, and signals) were on that bike? Seems like a natural fit for these bikes...
Steve -Cool looking bike  July 15, 2010 09:26 AM
Congratulation to Brammo, this could be the bike that help electric motorcycle popular in the USA. It looks good, should handle well with the low weight and good suspension, and it has a good speed/range. My only hope is they're not too expensive. I don't think electric will ever replace gas engines, as long as fuel prices are reasonable and electrics are slower.
desmoo -Is Brammo going to make it your way?  July 15, 2010 09:19 AM
Great looking bike, too bad it is electric
M750 -Progress?  July 15, 2010 09:10 AM
@Brammofan That was hilarious. I love to see old hard*sses get it handed to them. Will I buy this bike? Probably not. But I appreciate the advances in technology, and soon electric bikes will be true contenders. There are not quite there yet, but they are getting close, and this bike is helping to pave the way.
Cam Channell -Nice!  July 15, 2010 08:58 AM
I really like the looks of this bike much more than the Enertia. Its got some definite Ducati styling ques and has kind of that vintage cafe racer look to it. I'm gonna be at Laguna Seca next weekend and I'm definitely going to take a closer look at this bike!
Debbie -Awesome  July 15, 2010 08:36 AM
I love it, my only niggle is the seat unit. Revise that and I'll buy one in a heartbeat (yes, I am shallow, I know). The headlight really reminds me of the Yamaha MT-03 (doesn't exist in the US), or some of the newer naked FZ's. Finally electric bikes are starting to look like a real contender. Not fully there yet, but getting close, fast!
Brammofan -Progress?  July 15, 2010 08:11 AM
So this is what transportation is becoming, eh? Remember when the new buggy whip came out and the horse ran faster? Then same the new improved and longer buggy whip and we thought, "Hey, this is pretty cool." Next came even longer whips that could reach whole teams of horses. Give me a break. Maps? If your horse doesn't know the way to and from the General Store, don't leave the freakin' farm! It looks like the next generation of coachmen will be limp-wristed pansies who can't handle a Shetland pony, much less a team of fine horses. I'm glad John Wayne isn't around to see this. In other news: MY GAWD that's a cool bike.
BRKNtibia -Progress?  July 15, 2010 07:45 AM
So this is what motorcycling is becoming, eh? Remember when all electronics did on a motorcycle was create a spark and power the lights? Then came fuel injection and we thought "hey, this is pretty cool". Next came rider 'aids' like ABS and traction control which are creating a new breed of riders with less skill than previous generations. Dual clutch transmissions and slipper clutches? Give me a break. GPS? If you don't know where you're going, don't leave the freakin' house! Now we have motorcycles with a power source that should only be used for flashlights and sex toys. It looks like the next generation of riders will be midget, computer geek sissies riding re-chargeable dildos on wheels. I'm glad Steve McQueen isn't around to see this.